Taman Ayun Temple as Bali Temple Tourism Object

Taman Ayun Temple is the Paibon Temple / Pedarman Raja Mengwi to worship the ancestral spirits of kings which was realized by the construction of Gedong Paibon, and was built also to worship and worship the Gods for the royal people of Mengwi in a plea for prosperity.

Taman Ayun Temple is located in Mengwi Village, Badung Regency, about 18 km west of Denpasar. This is a very beautiful temple, as the name suggests (Taman Ayun means a temple in a beautiful garden). In addition to its beauty, Taman Ayun Temple is also considered to have historical value, which made the Bali regional government advise UNESCO in 2002 that this temple was included in the World Heritage List.

Taman Ayun Temple at Mengwi Badung

Taman Ayun Temple has passed a number of restoration works. Large-scale restoration was carried out in 1937. Taman Ayun Temple is the Temple of the Mother (Paibon) to the Kingdom of Mengwi. This temple was built by King Mengwi, I Gusti Agung Putu, in Java 1556 (1634 AD). Initially, I Gusti Agung Putu built a temple in the north of Mengwi village to worship his ancestors.

The temple was named Genter Park. When Mengwi grew into a big kingdom, I Gusti Agung Putu moved Genter Park to the east and expanded the complex. The expanded temple was officially declared the Taman Ayun Temple on Kliwon Tuesday - the fourth month Medangsia in Java 1556. To this day, every Kliwon Tuesday Medangsia wuku in the Javanese calendar (Saka), piodalan (ceremony) is held in this temple to celebrate temple anniversary.

.In 1949, the restoration work was carried out to Kori Agung (large room), Candi Bentar. A large wantilan was also built at that time. The third restoration was carried out in 1972, followed by a final restoration in 1976. Taman Ayun Temple Complex is 100 meters long and 250 meters wide. This complex consists of an outside court and three internal courts. The inner court, siding with the stone fence, has a different height, and the highest inner part is the highest.

Taman Ayun Temple

Taman Ayun outdoor temple, also known as Jaba, is located on the outside of the swimming pool. There is a bridge over the pond to connect the outer courtyard with the inside. At the end of the bridge, on the side in the court, there is a Bentar gate followed by a road leading to the inner field. There are two giant statues at each end of the bridge.

On the left side of Pura Taman Ayun road, near the gate, there is a kind of small guard post. Here in the first courtyard, there is Wantilan (a kind of hall) where several ceremonies usually take place, including cockfighting, which is also part of the ritual ceremonies at the temple. There is a road that is located on the opposite side of the first inner court and divides it into two parts, connecting the gate to the courtyard in the first direction to the courtyard in the second. In the southwest, there is a round gazebo where people can rest and enjoy the beauty of the temple. There is a pool near the gazebo covered with water lilies. Right in the middle of the pool, there is a small post that sprinkles nine different directions of water. To the east, there is a group of small temples called Luhuring Purnama Temples.

Taman Ayun Temple's Pond

There is a gate at the end of the Taman Ayun Temple road which divides the first inner court into two. The gate leads to the second courtyard, which is located on the ground higher than the first. Across the gate, in the courtyard in the second, there is a building that functions as a partition. Taman Ayun Temple partitions are decorated with relief statues depicting nine gods of compass compass points.

To the east, there is a small temple called Dalem Bekak Temple. To the west, on the corner, there is a Kulkul hall with a towering roof. The court in the third, which is also the deepest and the highest, is the most sacred area. The main door, called the coil door, was placed right in the middle and opened only during the ceremony. The main door, however, is Taman Ayun Temple flanked by two gates where people can access the court to carry out daily routines at Taman Ayun Temple. The court accommodated several Merus, a temple, a Gedong, a Padmasana, a Padma Rong Telu, and other religious buildings.

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